Определена дата формирования современного мозга человека

Фото: media.uzh.ch/de

Череп раннего человека из Грузии с обезьяноподобным мозгом (слева) и из Индонезии с человеческим мозгом (справа).

Современные структуры человеческого мозга сформировались около двух миллионов лет назад среди представителей африканских популяциях Homo.

Международная группа ученых из Цюрихского университета установила дату формирования мозга современных людей. Об этом говорится на сайте учебного заведения.

Первые представители рода рода Homo зафиксированы в Африке два с половиной миллиона лет назад. Несмотря на то, что их мозг был в два раза меньше, чем у нынешних людей, они уже передвигались на двух ногах.

«Согласно нашему анализу, современные структуры мозга человека сформировались только 1,5-1,7 млн лет назад – в африканских популяциях Homo. Человеческими являются регионы в области лба, которые отвечают за планирование и выполнение сложных моделей мышления и действий, а также за язык «, — заявил антрополог Кристоф Золликофер.

Изучение черепа рода Homo с африканских и азиатских территорий от одного до двух миллионов лет назад в компьютерном томографе показало, что они существенно отличаются от мозга челевекообразных обезьян не только по расположению, но и по функциях.

Ранее сообщалось, что ученые обнаружили схему выстраивания нейронов в растущем мозгу. Исследование проводили на примере мозга плоского червя.

Ученые испытали препарат, «омолаживающий» мозг

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